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MSW is burnt in a properly designed furnace under suitable temperature and operating conditions. This process is called as Incineration.
It is one of the most effective method of reducing the volume and weight of Municipal Solid Waste.
The process consists of controlled burning of waste at high temperature(1200-1500 degree Celsius).
It sterilizes and stabilizes the waste with reduction in the volume.
Incineration is the process of control and complete combustion for burning solid wastes. It leads to energy recovery and destruction of toxic Wastes.
In these plants the recyclable material is segregated and the rest of the material is burnt.
Example:MSW and Hospital waste
Incineration of waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas and heat.
The ash is mostly formed by the inorganic constituents of the waste and may take the form of solid limps or particulates carried by the flue gas. The flue gas must be cleaned and particulate pollutants before they are dispersed into the atmosphere.